Yogyakarta often referred by people as one
of culture center, cultural specially javanesse, representing one of strong
root for growing of Indonesian nation culture. Ascription that way is
true is not wrong, because kraton or monarchic in jawa as registered in
a history, having network civilization which not dissociated one another.
For example era Tarumanegara in West Java at forth and fifth century ,
later;then successively changes with the era Erlangga, Kediri, Singasari,
Majapahit, representing empire of Hindu and Budha and Demak, Pajang, Mataram
till Surakarta, Yogyakarta, Mangkunegaran And Pakualaman as Islam empire.
Empires with center in kraton ( Palace), intrinsically represent the center
of civlization and its life place all beautiful culture art at its epoch
each. patrimony Kraton usually come from existing monarchic patrimony
previously. So also artistry and custom, procedures, have been looked
after before since a period of previously and always preserve.
This building Kraton cover a lot of shares which wide enough, encircled
with the fortress kraton which now some of them is not existed any more.
But that way building in fourth of angle kraton ( corner fortress) still
looked after better.
In frontage kraton there are field for the width of 4 ha the so-called
south Plaza . [In] around growed by the tree wish . This plaza also there
are in backside kraton, but smaller than at frontage kraton, habit referred
as a south Plaza. In the middle shares of each plaza there are the twin
tree couple wish thats called Waringin Kurung. Between of this tree in
the past are special place for people to submit a problems to the king.
This matter represent the nature of openness / democracy which owning
by empire of Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat in the past.
Sitihinggil which is located in place which high enough as place of Sri
Sultan sit in throne see the Malioboro until the end of the north, and
the Sultan can see the Tugu Jogjakarta from his throne.